Richard advises clients on the financial consequences of the breakdown of relationships. His experience is of complex financial arrangements where separation often results in litigation.
A consultant in the Media team, Lawrence is one of the leading litigators in the media industries in the UK, advising on both media and commercial disputes.
William is an experienced employment lawyer acting mainly for employers in both contentious and non-contentious human resources and employment law matters.
Neal is an experienced compliance expert assisting with the drafting, updating, implementation and operation of internal regulatory and compliance policies and procedures for a range of firms within the financial services, legal and fiduciary sectors.
Rose specialises in pre-publication advice advising on issues such as defamation, privacy, breach of confidence and copyright.
Susan is a real estate lawyer specialising in both commercial and residential property. Her client base consists, largely, of retail owners, landlords and tenants.
Clare is a commercial lawyer with a focus on infrastructure and Africa. Since joining Keystone Law in 2007, she has spent much of her time supporting the in-house legal team of a London-based company developing infrastructure projects (power, transportation, and water) in sub-Saharan Africa, working on all phases from development through to implementation and construction.
Gavin has a wide range of experience in resolving commercial, corporate and property disputes. He has acted for many highly regarded clients such as the trustees of a city bank pension fund, a large UK institution, a large UK developer, licensed insolvency practitioners, professional footballers, employees of a large city bank and high-net-worth private clients.
Rachel’s expertise is in commercial litigation working primarily, but not exclusively, for owner managed businesses. She works mainly on contract disputes, including shareholder disputes and Commercial Agency claims.
Vanessa is a commercial lawyer who helps clients who are using technology to innovate or disrupt established ways of doing things. She has supported clients from household-name global brands to nimble start-ups do this for over 15 years, across goods, services and digital.
Philip advises high net worth individuals and overseas clients, banks and trust companies, both on-shore and off-shore, on the acquisition and sale of heritage properties, landed estates together with all related tax, funding, trust and probate matters.
Denham is a consultant in the firm’s Employment team. He is an experienced employment lawyer in all aspects of employment law advising employers and employees throughout the UK. His client base is diverse, ranging from large corporations, professional practices and SMEs through to senior executives, managers and startup businesses.
Jill Benbow is a commercial litigator with significant experience acting on commercial property matters. Her career has seen her handle a wide range of disputes for individuals, as well as companies of all sizes.
Jeremy is an experienced lawyer advising clients on both contentious and non-contentious matters, primarily in the aviation, rail and shipping industries.
Emily is a regulatory lawyer with a wealth of expertise in remediation, regulatory change implementation, consumer credit and retail conduct, and financial crime issues.
Tsige has over ten years’ experience in advising on immigration law and during that time has acquired a comprehensive knowledge and understanding of all aspects of private and corporate immigration work.
Rachel is an advocate in the Isle of Man team with specialist focus on employment and dispute resolution. She has assisted with the employment aspects of a number of acquisitions and reorganisations in the Isle of Man, carrying out reviews of employment contracts and advising prospective purchasers of their obligations towards the employees.
Carolyn has a wealth of experience in company/commercial law and specialist skills in IT law and data privacy. She has a proactive approach and provides business-focused solutions on a broad range of commercial and corporate transactional matters and helps companies to address compliance issues particularly in regard to data privacy.
Sonia is an experienced lawyer advising employers and senior executives on specialist employment matters for the Corporate, Public and Voluntary sectors.
Wendy is a consultant in the firm’s property department. She has a proven track record in delivering service to a diverse client base ranging from individuals to multinational companies.
Tom is a highly experienced costs expert and is skilled at dealing with all costs-related litigation, from initial instructions at the outset of a case, drafting retainers (CFAs/DBAs/group actions), sourcing funding and budgeting, all the way to the recovery of legal costs between the parties, audits and detailed assessment.
Lucy is a commercial lawyer with particular expertise in digital media, technology, e-commerce and digital publishing. Her specialisms include the development and publication of apps, games and websites; social media publishing; digital magazines; the digital distribution of content; online partnerships/affiliate deals; and the sale of physical, digital and virtual goods via websites and apps.
Zoë is a family solicitor with specialist expertise in handling financial negotiations relating to separation. Her practice consists of acting for and against entrepreneurs and high profile business people, as well as those with media exposure.
Conor joined the Keystone Law Isle of Man team as a Paralegal and Administrator in July 2017. He supports the lawyers on a wide range of legal activities and also provides internal compliance support on regulatory matters.
Edward acts principally for SMEs, assisting with corporate, commercial and employment law issues. He also frequently handles the acquisition and sale of private companies and businesses. Edward practised in the West End of London throughout his career before joining Keystone in 2010 and is a member of the Employment Lawyers Association.
Carolyn deals with all aspects of family law with a particular emphasis on the resolution of high-value, complex financial disputes arising from divorce and relationship breakdown as well as arrangements for children. She has a wealth of expertise in dealing with clients from the entertainment industry who have a public profile to protect.
Alison is a commercial litigator with over 11 years’ post qualification experience of a broad range of domestic and international/cross-jurisdictional High Court litigation. She provides commercial, risk and strategic advice as well as legal and Dispute Resolution advice, and acts for high-net-worth individuals, financial institutions and companies.
Deborah specialises in transactional construction, with a particular focus on collaborative working in both the contract negotiation phase and setting up provisions for collaboration between the client and the construction team during the project itself using both bespoke contracts and common industry standard forms such as JCT, NEC, ICE, and FIDIC contracts.
Nicholas is a skilled property lawyer with expertise in all aspects of commercial property practice and, in particular, residential property development work.
Jacqueline is a general commercial litigator with particular experience in sport (including equestrian sports and football) and entertainment (in particular, the music industry).
Sharron is a specialist tax solicitor who has considerable commercial and real estate transactional tax experience. She has particular expertise in designing and implementing Stamp Duty Land Tax planning and mitigation structures which take into account the impact of other taxes, commercial driving factors and security issues and advising on VAT in the property development and investment sectors.
Sally is a commercially focused property and environmental due diligence solicitor. Her advice extends beyond pure real estate transactions and she is a proficient adviser to those considering business acquisitions and disposals where advice on environmental risk may be relevant.
Gillian is an experienced Manx Advocate and qualified Notary Public advising both domestic and international clients on corporate and commercial litigation, and employment matters. Her practice also focuses on a variety of enforcement and insolvency proceedings, professional negligence and trust disputes before the courts and in public inquiries.
Vicky is a commercial lawyer who specialises in intellectual property matters. She has a particular interest in the life sciences sector, drawing upon a scientific background to advise clients on the protection and exploitation of innovative diagnostics, medicines and medical devices.
Jon is a Construction and Engineering specialist, handling both contentious and non-contentious legal work. His practice focuses, largely, on acting for employers and their design teams, as well as contractors and engineers.
Stephen is an experienced corporate lawyer with wide-reaching expertise in corporate and commercial work. He specialises in listings on the London stock markets and acts for companies coming to all the major London exchanges.
Jonathan is a highly experienced media lawyer who acts for high-profile corporations and individuals to protect their reputation, the value of their brand and/or individual profile, and their privacy and confidential material. He also represents broadcasters and publishers dealing with defamation or privacy disputes and assists them to minimise risk while retaining full editorial integrity by reviewing and editing material prior to broadcast or publication.
Philippa is an experienced commercial property solicitor, with particular expertise in the Higher Education sector. Her career has seen her acting in-house for a top-10 Russell Group university, advising on estates and buildings management, student residential accommodation, landlord and tenant, projects, and general commercial matters.
David has specialised in the field of employee share ownership for almost 30 years and advises a diverse range of listed and private companies, both UK-based and international, on all aspects of employee share schemes.
Katie is a property lawyer who specialises in all aspects of leasehold enfranchisement, a niche area of residential property law. She acts for both landlords and tenants, advising them on a range of real-estate issues including the sale and purchase of residential property, all aspects of voluntary and statutory lease extensions, and freehold purchases and sales under the Leasehold Reform Act 1967 and Leasehold Reform, Housing and Urban Development Act 1993.
Lara is a consultant in the firm’s Property team. She provides a full-service offering in relation to real estate matters acting for investors, developers, landlords, occupiers and administrators.
Charles is a specialist litigation and trial advocate with a practice that primarily involves acting in complex and high value financial services and company disputes, trust claims, frauds and quasi-frauds.
Antony is a highly experienced commercial and product liability specialist, handling primarily disputes that arise from international trade. His practice focuses on acting for insurers and manufacturers in product liability claims.
Steven is an insurance litigation lawyer with nearly 20 years’ experience of general insurance work, with particular expertise in defending local authorities, public authorities and insurers against the whole range of civil claims brought against them.
Gillian is an IT, intellectual property and commercial lawyer who advises on commercial arrangements and the protection and exploitation of intellectual property. She has extensive experience in technology, digital media and marketing services contracts and particular expertise in IT and business process outsourcing, software development and licensing and issues affecting online businesses.
Sally is a Manx Advocate whose practice includes a broad variety of Isle of Man (IoM) corporate and structured finance work with a particular emphasis on UK commercial real estate (CRE). Her client base comprises special opportunity funds and high-net-worth individuals investing in London and the South East, as well as regional assets across a range of asset classes.
Ben deals predominantly with construction law but also advises on commercial, property and dispute matters. He has many years’ experience in the construction industry, both within his own building business and advising subcontractors, contractors, developers and employers who operate in a variety of different construction sectors in a legal capacity. He also advises freeholders, leaseholders, landlords and tenants across a wide range of property law matters.
Charlotte is a Family lawyer with over a decade of experience in all aspects of divorce and separation, of varying complexity, including situations where there are children involved.
Tom has more than 30 years of experience as a tax lawyer, focusing on business tax matters and acting for a broad range of clients, ranging from entrepreneurs and management teams to private equity houses, large PLCs/multi-nationals and financial institutions.
Stuart is a property lawyer who has acted for major clients in all commercial real estate areas. He has extensive experience in advising on acquisitions and disposals, investment management, funding, landlord and tenant, lease acquisitions and acting for corporate occupiers, as well as acting on large corporate deals involving multiple properties.
Justina is a trainee solicitor who works alongside the Corporate, Litigation and Family lawyers at Keystone, assisting with a range of matters including bundling, due diligence, drafting and attending the courts.
Simon specialises in online financial services, e-commerce and IT. His clients include e-money, gift card and payment services providers, online peer-to-peer finance platforms, crowd-investment firms and a cloud-based content delivery network.
Mark is an experienced employment solicitor with a career spanning more than 20 years, during which he has gained a wealth of experience working at both international and niche law firms.
Jimmy is a commercial lawyer specialising in Internet and technology law, data protection, intellectual property, commercial contracts, and IP/IT in M&A transactions. Jimmy has worked for a range of high-profile clients including BT, Royal Mail, AIG, lastminute.com, Shazam, and Surrey Satellite Technology
A specialist in insurance claims work, Marie-Claire advises in relation to claims ranging from professional negligence to complex insurance coverage disputes.
Paul is an experienced commercial lawyer. Paul has extensive experience in Dispute Resolution, Insolvency and Sports and Entertainment. Paul has regularly advised blue chip PLC’s, SME’s, family businesses and individuals.
Ashton is primarily a litigator specialising in construction and property matters, property development issues including resolution of party wall disputes, and enfranchisement.
Ian is a highly-skilled Brand Management and Intellectual Property lawyer with a keen focus on the legal aspects of marketing, advertising, sales promotions, sponsorship and endorsement agreements, lotteries and merchandising. During his career Ian has advised a number of household names including McDonalds, HMV, NCP, New Look, River Island, Luxottica and Swarovski.
Matthew advises entrepreneurs on complex commercial legal issues. Throughout his career, he has advised businesses and financial institutions on corporate and commercial transactions in the UK, Europe, USA, Asia and Australia.
Irit is a Corporate Recovery and Insolvency specialist with extensive experience in both contentious and non-contentious insolvency matters. She regularly acts for office holders as well as companies and individuals advising on all aspects of insolvency law.
Nick is a property lawyer specialising in real estate as an asset with a focus on finance and structures. Nick’s work covers the full spectrum of real estate sectors: offices, residential, hotel and leisure, retail, mixed use and industrial.
David is an experienced planning lawyer with particular expertise in residential, mixed-use, office and leisure projects in London and the South East. He advises on a strategic and detailed basis on all types of planning applications and appeals; the negotiation of planning and highways agreements; managing court challenges; and advising on blight and compulsory purchase issues.
Duccio represents a wide number of high-net worth individuals and families, as well as entrepreneurs and owner-managed/family businesses. A particular area of emphasis is advising clients operating in high-profile sectors (sports, entertainment, fashion), often in an international setting.
Dual-qualified to practice in both the UK and France, Bruno is a lawyer specialising in financial services, payment services and fintech. His versatile practice covers funds and asset management to payments, derivatives, market infrastructure including clearing and fund custody
Lance is an experienced corporate and commercial lawyer with over 30 years experience, who advises a wide range of clients from business start-ups, entrepreneurs and SME’s through to large multinational companies.
Alex has a diverse litigation practice derived from his practical underwriting experience in the City and commercial background in retail prior to qualifying as a solicitor. His practice covers various sectors and encompasses both domestic and international disputes.
Andrew is a consultant in Keystone’s employment team and has over 30 years’ experience in acting for employers in the SME sector as well as senior employees and executives in both contentious and non-contentious employment areas. He has undertaken both High Court and Employment Tribunal work and has considerable mediation experience.
Rachel brings over 20 years of experience to the firm as a horseracing and equine sports lawyer.
Shayne is an experienced property lawyer and undertakes a wide range of commercial property work with particular expertise in dealing with retail, occupational and investment work, sales and purchases, landlord and tenant issues and development work.
Nigel advises both employers and employees on all areas of employment law including contract and benefits negotiation, termination of employment, discrimination, whistleblowing, TUPE, disciplinary and grievance issues, team moves, and post-termination restraints, share and partnership disputes, LLPs and private equity/venture capital issues.
Graeme has accumulated 30 years of expertise handling corporate transactions and commercial arrangements. He specialises in mergers, acquisitions and disposals, corporate restructures and MBO’s advising UK and international clients.
Nigel is a skilled commercial litigator with an impressive career spanning three decades. He works across a variety of sectors but focuses his practice on the construction industry, with a client base largely consisting of major plant hire, and scaffolding and crane companies.
Ben is an experienced planning law specialist who deals with a broad range of planning, highways and compulsory purchase matters, acting on behalf of developers, utilities, local authorities and landowners.
Louise is a consultant in the property and construction team. She is a knowledgeable and respected specialist adviser with over 20 years’ experience of contentious construction and engineering disputes acquired in the road and rail sectors, in PFI, on tunnelling and dredging projects, and in the residential, retail, hotel, education, and health and leisure sectors
Peter has over 30 years of experience helping clients pursue complex commercial disputes. During the past 15 years he has developed a specialist practice resolving disputes within partnerships, LLPs and private limited companies.
Rima is a consultant in the commercial property team with a keen focus on the retail sector.
City-trained James is a senior solicitor specialising in bridging finance, short-term property finance (i.e. remortgages) and wider commercial property transactions.
Jason is an experienced property lawyer. Having worked at leading UK and US practices, Jason deals with a broad range of commercial property work, in particular landlord and tenant, with particular focus on the hospitality sector, acquisitions and disposals of investment property, commercial and residential development and corporate support.
Graham is a property lawyer who delivers commercial advice to businesses and high-net-worth individuals/entrepreneurs. He has a broad range of experience with particular focus on investment property, property development and landlord and tenant work.
Martin is a specialist planning lawyer with more than 30 years’ continuous experience in this area of the law. He is a member of the Law Society’s Planning Panel and a Legal Associate of the Royal Town Planning Institute.
Oliver Goodwin is highly experienced in all aspects of planning, advising both the private and public sectors. He specialises in particular in major urban regeneration schemes.
James is a property specialist with particular expertise in high end residential property sales and purchase and also commercial property transactions. He works with a range of high-net-worth individuals, advising them on property acquisitions, disposals, and re-financing as well as development projects. He also acts for businesses, guiding them on issues such as conditional contracts, development work, sale and leaseback transactions, joint ventures, and the property aspects of corporate flotations, acquisitions and disposals.
Lyndsay, who retrained as a lawyer following a career as a Commercial Manager within a PLC, has broad-ranging commercial experience.
Caroline is a corporate lawyer with highly-regarded expertise in mergers and acquisitions, private equity transactions including management team investment structures and cross-border corporate reorganisations.
Laurence is a skilled property litigator. He has expertise in all areas of property litigation including rights of way and other easements, both commercial and residential landlord and tenant disputes, adverse possession claims, removal of squatters/trespassers, modification of restrictive covenants, boundary disputes and residential possession claims.
Jonathan is a specialist in professional regulatory and disciplinary matters affecting solicitors and their practices, as well as other legal professionals. He provides advice, support and representation for clients dealing with allegations of professional misconduct and for individuals who are otherwise the subject of regulatory scrutiny.
Louise is an experienced employment lawyer with expertise in both contentious and non-contentious employment matters. She started her career as a litigation specialist and this experience has given her a wide understanding of handling client disputes.
Jonathan is a highly experienced marine specialist, with a broad legal practice that focuses on both the domestic and international yachting sector. His client base comprises banks and private individuals in the yacht and superyacht industry.
Leigh is an experienced international lawyer. Having spent many years as a leader and partner in leading international law firms, as well as in-house, his client portfolio comprises governments, companies and high-net-worth individuals on matters involving international development and project finance, production supply ventures, and commercial and compliance issues.
Robin has more than 15 years’ experience in relation to corporate finance, joint venture and M&A transactions acting predominantly for owner-managed businesses, SMEs and business angels.
Lucy is a consultant in the intellectual property team. She has extensive experience of advising on all intellectual property (IP) and related rights.
Jane is a commercial dispute resolution lawyer who advises companies, board members and high-net-worth individuals on risk and the avoidance and resolution of disputes both domestic and international.
Robert is a consultant in the Dispute Resolution team with over 15 years' experience running large-scale commercial litigation and white-collar criminal investigations for high-net-worth individuals (HNWIs) and companies, including companies in the FTSE 100 and FTSE 250.
Naomi is a skilled personal injury and dispute resolution lawyer who has represented corporate and public bodies for over thirteen years, defending employer, public and property damage claims. She also advises clients in the holiday and travel industry on claims involving foreign and multi-jurisdictional issues.
David is a skilled consultant specialising in infrastructure and projects. He has many years’ experience of advising UK Government bodies, contractors and funders on the procurement and negotiation of major infrastructure projects, in particular using PFI and PPP models. Many of his projects have involved pioneering new models and structures.
Andrew provides dedicated legal services to the Marine & Shipping sector. His key skills are founded in planning and environmental law, and he principally advises ports and other organisations in the sector on marine-related development, particularly in relation to port infrastructure projects.
Stephanie is a solicitor who assists Robin Hampton in the Corporate team advising on sales and purchases, corporate reorganisations, joint ventures, partnership and shareholders’ agreements, shareholder/board disputes, company formations, and general company law and related commercial advice.
Simon is a banking and finance lawyer with around twenty years’ experience in advising lenders and borrowers on traditional lending, structured finance, and real estate finance matters. He has particular expertise in non-traditional financing methods including offshore lending structures.
Tony is a business-minded commercial property solicitor with over 25 years’ experience. His experience ranges from transactional and development work to landlord and tenant agreements.
Jim advises on all aspects of commercial property and maintains a particular interest in commercial and residential developments. He regularly acts for landlords and tenants in the negotiation of leases for retail, office, industrial and hotel accommodation, as well as advising on the management of such properties, including the negotiation of rent reviews and lease renewals. Jim has advised both GB and US funds on the proposed acquisition of Northern Ireland loan portfolios. He is also well versed in leading due diligence exercises, having been involved in the financing of various major Northern Ireland property assets by GB and NI banks.
Martin is a consultant in the Construction team with particular expertise in the interpretation and drafting of construction and related contracts for clients in both public and private sectors.
Ben has advised on pensions and employee benefits for fifteen years. He has a broad range of experience in occupational and personal pension schemes, both domestic and international. Ben provides legal counsel on corporate transactions as well as the establishment, maintenance, restructuring, and insolvency of pension schemes.
Gareth is a skilled barrister who acts for an impressive portfolio of clients in the hospitality and entertainment sectors on both licensing and planning matters.
Lawson is an experienced corporate lawyer advising on a range of corporate matters including domestic and cross-border mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, governance, corporate finance, reorganisations and restructurings.
Laura is a banking and finance lawyer with over a decade’s experience advising financial institutions and corporates on international capital markets, derivatives and structured finance transactions, and related corporate and regulatory considerations.
Andrew is a commercial litigator with a wealth of experience in several areas of contentious law. His career has seen him act in numerous types of disputes and an array of high-profile cases. His practice currently focuses on company, partnership and shareholder disputes, civil fraud and professional negligence.
JP is a corporate and commercial lawyer with a wealth of knowledge gained from his time in private practice and general counsel roles.
Simon is an experienced dispute resolution lawyer who advises clients across a wide range of industries.
Peter has over 30 years’ experience dealing with all aspects of construction law. His extensive practice encompasses contract drafting, development projects, PFI, public procurement, and dispute resolution (including adjudication).
David is a very experienced employment lawyer advising employers and employees in relation to both contentious and non-contentious matters. He also advises on employment law aspects of corporate insolvency matters.
Philip is a finance and insolvency lawyer with considerable experience dealing with the Asset Based Lending (“ABL”) market.
As an experienced Private Client solicitor, Nia advises individuals, personal representatives and trustees. She specializes in helping individuals who wish to provide for dependents with particular disabilities through wills and/or trusts.
Katy is a commercial solicitor who also specialises in employment matters. This unique blend enables her to act for companies, owner-managers, investors, employers as well as employees.
Jason is a consultant in the Litigation team specialising in construction, product liability, and property litigation. He has acted for blue chip construction and property companies, insurance companies, high-net-worth individuals, retailers and estate managers.
Anna is a commercial and intellectual property lawyer with excellent in-depth experience gained from 10 years in private practice at Osborne Clarke and previously through running her own business. She specialises in advising on media and technology transactions.
An experienced intellectual property and information technology solicitor, Maureen works across a wide variety of sectors including healthcare, technology, education, travel, media and entertainment.
Geoff is a Manx Advocate with a practice that includes a wide range of Isle of Man corporate and structured finance work. He has particular experience in advising lenders, investors and developers in the UK and European commercial real estate sector, and in recent years has advised upon many high-profile CRE transactions for blue chip clients relating to prime assets (mainly located in London).
An experienced energy and commodities lawyer, Philip specialises in international trade and its finance with a particular emphasis on crude oil and oil products, as well as metals and soft commodities.
Susana Lajusticia is a dual-qualified and bilingual solicitor and Spanish lawyer who also holds a Master Degree in International Law.
A business minded lawyer with an MBA from Oxford University, Jaan is a corporate and commercial lawyer with a particular interest in entrepreneurial activity. He advises clients on their corporate structures as well as their ongoing day to day commercial activity.
Michelle is a skilled employment lawyer, with over twelve years’ experience in advising clients on a broad range of non-contentious and contentious employment law matters.
Robert is a consultant barrister in the Dispute Resolution team. An experienced litigator, Robert's work involves a wide range of commercial and corporate disputes.
Raymond is an industry leading expert in property law. With over 40 years’ experience, he has built a career on providing a quality corporate and commercial service to the real estate sector.
Stephen Levinson is a consultant in the Employment team. He acts for senior executives exiting their positions or looking to take up new employment and for employers with similar issues.
Arwel is a property and estates lawyer with expertise in advising individuals, companies, charities and trusts on all aspects of residential, agricultural and commercial property transactions, including landlord and tenant matters.
Ceinwen is a specialist family lawyer who advises clients on the wide variety of issues following the breakdown of relationships, including complex financial claims upon divorce or separation and private children matters. She primarily advises individuals with complex assets both in the UK and abroad and those with family trusts or company assets.
Clare is an experienced commercial lawyer with particular expertise in telecoms and technology transactions. She has typically worked on strategic, complex and high-value negotiations, often involving an international element, and has significant experience advising senior management teams. Clare qualified at Osborne Clarke in 1999 where she then worked as a corporate solicitor. Before joining Keystone, she worked for 10 years in-house at Motorola.
Peter is a commercial lawyer with experience drafting and negotiating commercial contracts across a wide range of industries and sectors.
Monica has advised on employee benefits for over 20 years, specialising particularly in pensions and share incentive arrangements.
Fiona is an employment lawyer who specialises in representing individuals, predominantly senior executives, in the financial services sector. She has particular expertise in contractual disputes relating to bonus and incentive schemes and post-termination restraints, and discrimination and whistleblowing claims in the Employment Tribunal.
City-trained Louise is a consultant in Keystone’s Dispute Resolution team and advises on a range of contentious trust and probate matters including Inheritance Act claims and trust litigation.
Benjamin has over 15 years’ experience in yachting and luxury asset law, specialising in finance, construction and purchase, and operational matters including taxation, insurance and employment. He also advises in relation to private aviation and art.
William is both a Manx Advocate and qualified Solicitor in England and Wales advising on a range of legal issues affecting corporate organisations. He also advises on a range of real estate and asset finance matters acting for banks, lenders (including alternative lenders and challenger banks) and borrowers in respect of the financing of Isle of Man entities, in particular companies, partnerships and trusts.
Kim is an experienced family lawyer specialising in financial settlements on marriage breakdown, pre-and post-marital agreements, co-habitation and separation agreements, children law, and property disputes between cohabitees.
Wendy is a commercial property lawyer with extensive experience advising businesses and individuals on all aspects of Commercial Property law and with particular expertise in freehold and leasehold transactions, landlord and tenant matters and development work.
Malcolm is an experienced all-round contentious and non-contentious employment and labour lawyer with over 30 years’ experience.
Robert is a highly experienced corporate and commercial lawyer specialising in mergers and acquisitions, venture capital fundraisings, joint ventures/ shareholder agreements and corporate restructurings.
Colin is a skilled banking and finance solicitor, who specialises in corporate banking, acquisition and leveraged finance, property and development finance, and security documentation. He is experienced in advising a wide range of clients including both UK and US banks, building societies, institutional investors, and public and private companies.
Andrew is a commercial litigator who over the past two decades has carved out a reputation for his work within the construction industry. His practice consists largely of legal work for major plant hire, scaffolding and crane companies.
Jacqueline is a leading employment law specialist with extensive experience in all aspects of both non-contentious matters (contracts, policy and procedure) and contentious matters, with a strong track record in gaining results in Tribunal and High Court claims.
Lauren is a trainee solicitor and works with the Northern Ireland team across corporate and commercial law transactions. With particular expertise in dealing with Companies House, she works across a range of sectors from company law and banking to commercial conveyancing. Prior to joining Keystone, Lauren gained substantial experience in commercial litigation, residential conveyancing, private client, and complex banking issues.
Ian is an experienced corporate and commercial lawyer specialising in corporate finance, advising on flotations (LSE and AIM), takeovers and fund raising of all types, including rights issues and placings, mergers and acquisitions, reorganisations, joint ventures, shareholders’ agreements and resolution of shareholder disputes.
Danny is an experienced Northern Ireland qualified solicitor who specialises in advising clients on a range of residential conveyancing, commercial conveyancing and pharmaceutical licensing legal issues. With more than 25 years’ experience he is well-placed to advise both corporate and private clients.
Joanna is a general commercial and civil litigator in the firm's dispute resolution team who deals with a variety of disputes ranging from debt recovery to professional negligence claims to breach of contract claims.
Anna is an experienced commercial solicitor specialising in telecoms, internet and IT matters. She has an efficient and proactive approach and provides business-focused solutions. In addition to spending some time in private practice, Anna has held various senior in-house roles including Head of Legal at both Easynet and AboveNet.
Robert is a property litigation specialist and acts for both commercial and private clients in relation to all types of disputes relating to land, including property developments where there are issues concerning restrictive covenants or overage provisions.
John is a solicitor qualified to practise in three jurisdictions: England and Wales, Northern Ireland, and the Republic of Ireland. John is also admitted as a Barrister and an Attorney in Bermuda. With particular expertise in corporate, commercial and intellectual property matters, his career has included a number of years spent in private practice as well as in-house. John also has a particular interest in advising clients in the property, energy, retail, hospitality, sport and general contracting industries.
Angela is a family lawyer with experience acting on a wide variety of matters including divorce and financial remedy proceedings, having worked on a number of cases with an international element.
Albert is an experienced paralegal with particular expertise in Intellectual Property and dispute resolution. He assists solicitors with a range of legal duties including drafting legal documents, preparing for trials and submitting trademark/copyright issues.
Angela is a Licensing Coordinator and manages applications for a range of licences, as part of Keystone’s Licensing team. Over the years, Angela has managed the licensing process for a number of leading organisations including Spearmint Rhino, Weatherspoon’s, Mitchells and Butlers and many UK music and dance festivals.
Laura is a member of the Paralegal Team at Keystone Law, working closely with the firm’s litigation and commercial lawyers.
A corporate lawyer with significant high level experience in the full range of corporate transactional work.
Joseph has significant experience in private transactions, especially in relation to mergers and acquisitions, joint ventures, corporate restructurings, equity financings, loan and security documentation and capital raising.
Anthony is an established commercial, intellectual property and technology lawyer, specialising in both contract negotiation and litigation. He advises SMEs and institutional clients across sectors that include software and technology, tech start-ups, media, disruptive music businesses, fashion, schools, charities and cultural institutions.
Valerie is a property lawyer with many years experience of advising both businesses and individuals on all aspects of commercial property including retail, offices, warehouses and industrial buildings with particular emphasis on landlord and tenant matters and freehold and leasehold sales and purchases.
Wyn is an experienced family lawyer with specific expertise in advising clients upon the complex issues and consequences of relationship breakdown.
Jessica is an associate who works alongside the Northern Ireland team on a wide range of matters and, in particular, corporate and commercial transactions.
Julie is an experienced construction and engineering lawyer with a practice that combines contentious and non-contentious work for a range of public- and private-sector clients.
Alex is a construction and engineering law specialist. He has been involved in UK and international construction and engineering projects for over 25 years, having spent a decade in the construction industry working as a civil engineer and project manager, prior to becoming a lawyer.
Jonny is a Trainee Solicitor who works alongside the Northern Ireland team on a range of duties relating to commercial property, corporate, finance and licensing law. He attends meetings with clients, assists in drafting various deeds and documents, and helps to prepare complex certificates of title for large commercial properties situated in Northern Ireland. Jonny’s experience has also seen him carry out in-depth investigative work in anticipation of litigation action.
Simon is an experienced banking and finance (particularly asset and project finance) lawyer with significant expertise in the aviation, marine and shipping sectors gained while working in the UK, Europe and Asia.
Hugh specialises in acting for clients on a wide range of private-client-related property matters. He acts for private individuals, landed estates and institutional clients in relation to all aspects of property law and has particular expertise in guiding clients through the process of both buying and selling country houses, London property, sporting estates, farms, and agricultural land.
Sarah is a commercial contracts and IP lawyer with a particular specialism in the Technology, Media and Data Protection sector.
An experienced corporate and commercial lawyer, Andrew advises a wide range of clients from business start-ups to large multinational companies. He has considerable experience in running corporate transactions and negotiating commercial contracts of all sizes, with particular focus on intellectual property licensing.
Sarah is an accomplished private client lawyer who advises on tax, trust and estate planning for individuals and trustees, specialising in advising non-UK-domiciled clients and work with an international element.
Hilary advises on all aspects of contentious and non-contentious employment law and has wide-ranging experience in advising on people management issues, litigation, restrictive covenants, board restructures and business reorganisations.
Hugh is a barrister who has specialised in aviation regulatory, corporate, commercial and competition law for over thirty years and is recognised as one of the most experienced and highly respected aviation lawyers in the UK.
Claire is a highly experienced family solicitor who has specific expertise in resolving complex financial consequences of relationship breakdown whether based in this country or internationally.
James is a lawyer with over 20 years' experience of successfully resolving international and domestic commercial disputes through negotiation, mediation, expert determination, arbitration and, when necessary, litigation including the application for or defending of injunction proceedings.
Darren is an established Licensing Coordinator with almost a decade of licensing experience. He has also gained significant knowledge whilst working as a senior licensing officer at Westminster City Council, including how applications are processed at local authority level and how cases progress and are viewed by the local authority.
Maria is a trainee solicitor and is currently in the middle of an 18 month training contract with Keystone.
Claudie is a family solicitor who primarily advises clients about children issues arising from the breakdown of relationships. These include arrangements about where children should live and how much time they should spend with the other parent.
Brian is a hugely experienced employment lawyer who regularly acts for firms in a range of sectors but in particular finance, banking, insurance, legal, charity and education. He also advises senior executives and partners on leaving and entering employment/partnerships as well as firms and boards dealing with such matters and internal issues.
Ship finance lawyer Anastasia advises shipowners and financial institutions on term loan facilities for the acquisition of newbuilding or second-hand ships, on debt finance restructurings, on revolving credit facilities and lease finance transactions as well as Islamic finance deals. In addition, she advises private equity funds and shipowners on the structuring of joint ventures for the acquisition of ships and related shareholders' issues as well as on the acquisition of distressed shipping assets.
John is a consultant in the Private Client team. He is an experienced tax and estate planning specialist, with particular expertise in inheritance tax and capital gains tax.
Martin Pearse is a consultant in the Dispute Resolution team. He advises clients on a wide range of disputes, having experienced most forms of commercial and civil litigation at all levels from County Court claims through to multi-million pound actions in the High Court.
Patrick is a highly experienced civil dispute resolution solicitor with a wide-ranging international litigation and arbitration practice.
Hilary is a family lawyer with extensive experience of advising a wide range of clients on the issues arising from family breakdown. Her background in corporate and commercial matters, and her understanding of complex financial arrangements, means that she is particularly well-placed to advise entrepreneurial couples and families owning small to medium sized enterprises or land and farmland, as well as those with inherited wealth and the retired with pensions in payment.
As a senior Private Client solicitor, Rose advises individuals, personal representatives and UK trustees. She also frequently acts for clients or legal firms from other jurisdictions advising on UK aspects of estate administration and succession planning.
Geoffrey is a consultant in the firm’s Corporate team with expertise in advising small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) spanning almost 40 years.
Robert is a commercially focused solicitor specialising in intellectual property law. He spent 10 years in private practice in a music and media firm, before becoming General Counsel for 6 years for a mobile phone manufacturer and a further two years working for TomTom as their IP Counsel.
David has specialised in employment law for nearly twenty years and has comprehensive experience in advising on a wide range of contentious and non-contentious employment law and industrial relations issues. He has particular expertise in organisational change including collective redundancies, changing terms and conditions of employment, and the application of the TUPE Regulations. David advises well-known brands in the engineering, energy, media, advertising, education and leisure sectors.
City trained, Meriel is a highly experienced commercial lawyer with over 20 years’ experience advising clients from the retail, media, fashion and sport sectors, representing both high-profile designer and household brand names.
Rahul is a member of the Paralegal team at Keystone Law, working closely with the firm’s family and litigation lawyers. Prior to joining, he gained invaluable experience in dispute resolution at Stewarts Law, assisting high-net-worth and international clients across a range of commercial and family law matters.
Stephen is a consultant in the firm’s litigation team with over 40 years’ experience as a commercial litigator.
An accomplished regulatory life sciences expert, Paul has 30 years’ experience and expert knowledge of the regulatory, commercial, intellectual property, and product liability needs of the pharmaceutical, biotechnology, and medical device sectors on an international and domestic scale.
Lisa is a senior commercial property specialist with particular expertise in retail and leisure property. Lisa acts for a wide portfolio of clients including investors, blue chip property companies, household name tenants and smaller start-ups.
Matthew is a commercial litigator who specialises in advising on business-related and company disputes. His client base consists of private individuals, SMEs, offshore companies and medium-size to large corporations and financial institutions.
Laurence has broad national and international experience handling commercial support, company sales and purchases and corporate restructuring.
Paul is a commercial lawyer who advises on the protection, acquisition and exploitation of intellectual property rights and on legal aspects of websites, including terms and conditions, privacy policies and other online contractual matters.
Eleanor is an experienced property lawyer and is able to advise on all aspects of Real Estate, using a highly commercial approach tailored to each client’s individual needs. Her practice has recently focussed on site acquisition for residential developers, but also includes acting for both landlords and tenants as well as dealing with all aspects of property matters for operational companies.
Bryan is a highly experienced corporate and commercial lawyer, handling the full range of corporate transactions including M&A, private equity, corporate restructures and joint ventures. He is also an employee share schemes specialist.
Stephen is an experienced corporate and commercial lawyer with a wide range of expertise across of number of jurisdictions.
Doug’s practice covers both corporate and banking work. He advises public and private companies and financial institutions on a wide range of corporate and commercial transactions including mergers and acquisitions, corporate reorganisations and joint ventures, commercial agreements lending and other financing arrangements, as well as general corporate and securities law issues.
Laura advises individuals following the breakdown of relationships, particularly where the parties were not married.
As a specialist in personal injury litigation with over 20 years’ experience, Cordelia represents insurers and their insureds in a broad range of public and commercial sectors.
Akash is a barrister and has specialised in intellectual property litigation for nearly two decades. As well as providing advice to high-growth technology companies, he has acted for clients across a range of sectors including Research In Motion on patent litigation matters in the English High Court, BSkyB in a case involving the importation of foreign decoder cards, a major defence contractor in a trade secrets arbitration, and a major Chinese telecoms company in proceedings in Hong Kong and China.
Tony is an insolvency and corporate recovery specialist. In addition to being a solicitor, he is a Licensed Insolvency Practitioner, authorised by the Insolvency Practitioners Association, and a Solicitor Advocate (civil).
Will is both a solicitor and UK & European chartered trade mark and design attorney. His practice covers the protection, monitoring and exploitation of IP in the UK, Europe and globally.
Suzy is a commercial and dispute resolution lawyer with particular strength in relation to intellectual property and technology. In addition to her deep private-practice experience, Suzy is also a skilled in-house lawyer, having led the Northern European legal team of FTSE 100 company Reckitt Benckiser.
Jeremy is a highly experienced commercial lawyer recognised by the legal directories as a leading individual specialising in commercial agreements and related competition and regulatory matters. He advises on a range of commercial and trading issues, including agency, distribution, supply, sale purchase, joint venture and franchise agreements as well as all aspects of the commercial exploitation of intellectual property rights, such as licensing and R&D agreements.
Sheila is a family solicitor and advises on divorce, children, matrimonial, finance, relocation, TOLATA and applications under the Family Law Act. The majority of her matters are resolved through voluntary means and mediation or through proceedings. Sheila has experience in dealing with the High Court and with financial arbitration.
Trevor has over 40 years’ experience in the fields of dispute resolution, travel and aviation, and insolvency.
Aman is a restructuring and insolvency lawyer with more than ten years’ experience working on high-profile corporate and personal insolvency cases that include multi-million pound bankruptcies and fraud investigations.
Ian is a Consultant Solicitor in the Dispute Resolution team and his practice covers general commercial litigation and international commercial arbitration. He has considerable experience in the oil and gas, renewables, mining and infrastructure fields, as well as in international trade, maritime and shipping, commodities, construction and real estate development, shareholder disputes, finance, hospitality, media, trusts, insurance, and pharmaceuticals.
Patrick is a highly experienced dispute resolution solicitor. During his career he has advised numerous independent financial advisers and networks, shipowners, insurers and private individuals.
Nilam is a dual US- and UK-qualified insurance and reinsurance expert. Specialising in directors and officers, financial lines, and professional negligence, with an emphasis on those professionals advising on financial transactions, she is one of very few lawyers outside of the US with expertise in this area.
Claire is an accomplished anti-bribery and corruption specialist with over 25 years’ experience in advising on business crime, corporate fraud and corruption investigations. In particular, she has an in-depth knowledge of complex international cases, instigated against both corporates and individuals by Government agencies such as the Serious Fraud Office (SFO) and Department of Justice (DOJ) and by multilateral development banks, as well as urgent and extensive internal investigations on behalf of corporate clients.
Sarah is a general commercial lawyer having worked within a number of industry sectors, including manufacturing, IT and telecoms, payroll outsourcing, medical, publishing, media and travel.
Susannah advises on all aspects of EU and UK competition law and has regulatory expertise in technology, travel, air transport, financial services and telecommunications.
Helen has 20 years experience in employment law advising clients on both contentious and non-contentious issues. Her clients include large city corporations and banks as well as executives such as CEOs, directors and television producers. Helen’s particular area of expertise is in acting for individuals in the negotiation of their new employment contracts and in terminations.
Mark has a wealth of experience acting in a broad range of employment law matters for a variety of clients in both the private and public sectors.
Dee is an experienced corporate lawyer, undertaking a broad range of private equity and venture capital transactions and advising on buyouts, investments and refinancings as well as restructurings, acquisitions and divestments of portfolio companies. Dee also has extensive experience advising on VCT investments.
Corporate lawyer Alina advises clients on company transactions, including sales, acquisitions and reorganisations in the case of private companies, as well as a range of other general corporate matters.
Oliver has over 20 years’ experience settling disputes involving a wide range of commercial and intellectual property matters. He specialises in company and financial services disputes as well as trademark, copyright and libel claims.
Nicole is an experienced practitioner in the field of international arbitration and all forms of Alternative Dispute Resolution (including adjudication, expert determination and dispute board processes).
Matheu joined Keystone Law in 2008 from a niche litigation practice. Before that he worked for one of the world’s largest law firms, DLA Piper. His tax litigation practice covers direct and indirect taxes and also customs duties.
Ronan specialises in construction law and has impressive international experience in both contentious and non-contentious construction matters.
Mark is both a civil and criminal litigation specialist who conducts the majority of his work in the area of Financial Services, often against the State, in particular HMRC, the Serious Fraud Office and the Financial Conduct Authority.
John is a consultant in the firm’s commercial property team with considerable experience in real estate and property law.
Andrew is a highly experienced Corporate lawyer specialising in private equity, mergers and acquisitions, and corporate finance transactions, including the establishment of investment funds, public and private fund raising, venture capital and private equity investments, takeovers, mergers, reconstructions, and joint ventures.
Anna is a family lawyer who specialises in advising on all financial issues that arise from the breakdown of relationships, particularly those involving high-net-worth individuals, whether in this country or abroad. She also deals with disputes involving children and, more specifically, advises on financial provision for children from both marital and non-marital relationships.
Mark is a senior disputes lawyer who represents high-net-worth individuals and their businesses in commercial disputes and in litigation arising from divorce and probate. He has acted in some of the most complex recent cases in the Chancery and Family divisions of the High Court, involving multiple jurisdictions.
Simon is a financial services lawyer specialising in asset management. He advises fund sponsors/managers, service providers, fund boards, trustees and investors based in the UK and around the globe. Simon provides his clients with succinct and practical commercial advice.
Robert is a highly experienced solicitor specialising in all forms of licensing and gambling issues for operators and landlords.
Deborah specialises in both commercial and residential property transactions. On the commercial side she regularly advises on the property aspect of corporate deals in particular when there is an investment or financing element.
Ilana advises both companies and employees on all aspects of both non-contentious and contentious employment law. As well as advising on day-to-day HR matters, she has particular expertise advising on Employment Tribunal proceedings, restructurings, workplace disputes, discrimination claims, managing sickness absence, restrictive covenants, disciplinary and grievance matters, exit strategies, settlement terms, TUPE and business reorganisations.
Employment lawyer Sofia deals with a wide range of contentious and non-contentious matters, across a variety of sectors. Her main area of interest lies in advising high-net-worth clients and/or their private or family offices and guiding them on the recruitment, management and termination of staff such as butlers, close protection officers, private chefs, household and estate managers, nannies, chauffeurs and housekeepers.
Nicholas is a highly experienced commercial lawyer with particular expertise in rights acquisition and exploitation, IT agreements and general commercial contracts such as agency, distribution and supply contracts.
As a corporate and commercial lawyer, Ian advises small to medium-sized organisations on a wide variety of transactions, both domestically and internationally. He has particularly strong experience of working with companies in the media and entertainment sector.
Nicola is an experienced media and intellectual property lawyer, who specialises in giving commercial advice to publishing clients on pre-publication issues.
Rebecca is an experienced lawyer who undertakes a wide range of commercial dispute resolution and litigation work primarily advising businesses in relation to contractual disputes, intellectual property disputes and also joint ventures.
Kelly is a dual-qualified barrister and solicitor with more than 20 years’ experience in commercial litigation and arbitration in City of London firms. His practice has a distinct international focus and includes banking, shareholder disputes, professional negligence, fraud, and money laundering issues.
Matt is an experienced employment lawyer specialising in strategic advice on senior-level exits.
Rachel is a City-trained lawyer who advises UK and international clients on all aspects of UK employment law from tribunal claims, business reorganisations and transactions to day-to-day HR advice.
Claire is an experienced Private Client solicitor who specialises in inheritance tax and estate planning, will drafting, and the administration of estates for UK and non-UK-domiciled high-net-worth individuals. She also has experience dealing with Lasting Powers of Attorney, trusts, and the charities sector.
Susannah specialises in both contentious and non-contentious aspects of employment law. She spent over 10 years at Wedlake Bell before joining Keystone in 2005.
Tracy is an experienced commercial lawyer with extensive experience in the technology and telecoms industries, with a particular emphasis on complex commercial transactions and data protection. Tracy has advised on a broad range of complex and high-value matters across the public and private sectors and has held senior strategic positions in a number of technology companies, and before joining Keystone, she worked for seven years in-house at Motorola Solutions.
Garry is a Solicitor in our Dispute Resolution team. He has a broad litigation practice, encompassing commercial, property, and finance disputes. Garry draws his clients from a wide range of businesses, whilst he enjoys particular experience in the property and banking/finance sectors, and in the publishing industry.
Diederik is a corporate and commercial lawyer with vast transactional experience and a profound understanding of entrepreneurial needs in businesses. He has acted for a wide range of clients including individuals, start-ups, and Fortune 500 and multi-national companies, advising on many large-scale M&A transactions and several IPOs.
Emmanuel is commercial lawyer specialising in technology, intellectual property, data protection & privacy, commercial contracts and IP/IT in M&A transactions. He advises funded small and medium-size businesses, corporates like Apigee (Google), Wm Morrisons plc, Pentaho Corp. (Hitachi Data Systems), WorkForce Software LLC, high-tech start-up ventures, angel investors and VCs.
Nelson is a trainee solicitor who works with Jason Kallis on a range of legal duties related to construction, product liability, and property litigation. He has particular expertise in drafting litigation-related documents, as well as assisting on non-contentious matters in construction and real estate.
Howard is an experienced finance lawyer with a diversified practice that includes banks and financial institutions throughout the world, borrowers and other users of banking products, fund managers and funds.
Jonathan specialises in resolving professional negligence claims and has done so for over 14 years. In that time, he has acted on claims against a wide variety of professionals including solicitors, accountants, insurance brokers, financial advisers, surveyors, structural engineers, project managers, estate agents, health & safety consultants, and IT consultants.
Tony is a true financial services and banking specialist. He has held senior legal positions at a range of household names including Barclays Wealth where he was Co-head of Legal.
Robert has 40 years’ experience as a corporate, commercial and financial services regulatory lawyer. He started the mis-sold pensions litigation in the early 1990s and now acts for a wide range of businesses mostly related to the insurance and financial services industry.
Charlie is a corporate and commercial lawyer with experience in providing legal advice on a wide range of corporate and commercial matters, both in-house and in private practice.
Catherine is an experienced corporate lawyer who has a particular focus on advising entrepreneurs, management teams and investors of venture backed, early-stage-growth companies. She has a broad sector focus (including Technology, Life Sciences and Clean Tech) and has significant experience in venture funding, private equity, joint ventures, buying and selling private companies and corporate restructuring.
Andrew is an established top tier rated licensing lawyer and has developed a following of renowned restaurants, bars, clubs, hotels, art galleries and museums.
Philippa has wide-ranging and varied experience and advises on all areas of contentious and non-contentious employment law. Her clients include individuals, small to medium sized companies as well as public companies.
Michael is a highly experienced commercial litigator who brings to Keystone a wealth of knowledge in resolving disputes with both domestic and international elements.
Jeremy is a solicitor advocate with 20 years’ experience in advising on all aspects of regulatory law including risk, compliance and enforcement matters. With expertise in health and safety, trading standards, food and fire safety, environmental, road transport, licensing, betting and gaming, he has worked extensively in the leisure and entertainment industry.
Stephen is a proactive commercial property solicitor who specialises in office, retail, industrial, occupational and investment transactions; sales and purchases of land; and landlord and tenant matters.
Helen is an experienced employment lawyer with a comprehensive practice that spans all areas of contentious and non-contentious employment work, in addition to the employment aspects that are associated with corporate transactional work. She advises on the range of issues that occur throughout the employment process from recruitment through to termination.
Stephen is a highly experienced insolvency and restructuring specialist who deals with both corporate and personal insolvency assignments, providing pragmatic and commercial advice.
Fraser is a skilled employment lawyer, with over 35 years’ experience in his field, having been called to the Bar in 1976 and going on to qualify as a solicitor 11 years later. He is well placed to advise on all employment disputes, boasting particular specialisms in discrimination claims and prevention, European Works Councils, union recognition and disputes, and whistleblowing.
Nadim is an experienced corporate lawyer specialising in equity investments, disposals, and mergers and acquisitions. He advises high-growth companies on venture capital and private equity transactions, including seed and series A, B and C investment rounds, convertible loan note investments, and strategic acquisitions and exits (most recently for Accel Partners, Ventech, and founders of Hassle.com).